what is a comparative analysis in research

Screenshot of various Facebook redesign examples on Dribble. Hyatt’s direct competitor is Mariott, but Expedia and Airbnb’s website experience can also offer valuable information to Hyatt on how they attract traveling tourists. Many students enjoy this particular assignment compared with other assignments. Causal analysis searches for the root cause – the basic reason why something happens. A comparative analysis is a critical investigation of two or more entities/ subjects/ processes/events, etc. We are still working for our clients all over the world! This category only includes cookies that ensures basic functionalities and security features of the website. Knowing what your competitors provide and not provide is always better than guessing on your own. Spend a minute to think about whether it fits your website and company. As a girl raised in the faded glory of the Old South, amid mystical tales of magnolias and moonlight, the mother remains part of a dying generation. These direct competitors provide similar services and probably have a similar booking workflow. Key words: causality, comparative analysis, plural causation, research design 1. Conduct user tests, if possible That's because A and B are not strictly comparable: A is merely a tool for helping you discover whether or not B's nature is actually what expectations have led you to believe it is. In addition, you are under the assumption that they have done their own user research and design based on data-driven decisions, which may not be entirely true. Thus, a paper on two evolutionary theorists' different interpretations of specific archaeological findings might have as few as two or three sentences in the introduction on similarities and at most a paragraph or two to set up the contrast between the theorists' positions. COMPARISON-AND-CONTRAST NARRATIVE WRITING • Comparison narrative illustrates how two or more people are similar. Qualitative Comparative Analysis (QCA), developed by Charles Ragin in the 1970s, was originally developed as a research methodology. What Is A Comparative Essay? 10+ Comparative Research Examples. The rest of the paper, whether organized text- by-text or point-by-point, will treat the two theorists' differences. If you think that B extends A, you'll probably use a text-by-text scheme; if you see A and B engaged in debate, a point-by-point scheme will draw attention to the conflict. Grounds for Comparison. Here you’ll be able to conduct your own analysis and demonstrate your ideas and conclusions. For example, the causal analysis is a common practice in quality assurance in the software industry. In the most common compare-and-contrast paper—one focusing on differences—you can indicate the precise relationship between A and B by using the word "whereas" in your thesis: Whereas Camus perceives ideology as secondary to the need to address a specific historical moment of colonialism, Fanon perceives a revolutionary ideology as the impetus to reshape Algeria's history in a direction toward independence. Be aware, however, that the point-by- point scheme can come off as a ping-pong game. Comment document.getElementById("comment").setAttribute( "id", "a70ba343c5ae86e8fd3b05a0c1ef994b" );document.getElementById("ab720e64d6").setAttribute( "id", "comment" ); Logic Solutions, Inc You also have the option to opt-out of these cookies. In today’s guest article, she writes about her experiences creating user-friendly designs that are intuitive, utilize modern best practices, and help to make clients’ applications stand out. If you want to examine whether your design works for your users, a user-based evaluation in the context of your project scope and target audience is still strongly recommended. Qualitative comparative analysis (QCA) is both a research approach and a data analysis technique. When conducting a comparative analysis, here are a few things to keep in mind: Choose competitors wisely The QCA analysts interprets the data qualitatively whilst also looking at … You can avoid this effect by grouping more than one point together, thereby cutting down on the number of times you alternate from A to B. The benefit of comparative analysis is that we can include more diverse competitors and get more comprehensive information than competitive analysis. Let’s take Hyatt hotels and “hotel booking” for example. Out of these, the cookies that are categorized as necessary are stored on your browser as they are essential for the working of basic functionalities of the website. You can organize a classic compare-and-contrast paper either text-by-text or point-by-point. However, things always have two sides. A paper focusing on similarly aged forest stands in Maine and the Catskills will be set up differently from one comparing a new forest stand in the White Mountains with an old forest in the same region. In these situations, I use comparative analysis as a data collection workaround. fruitful and viable way. aspects of an intervention and the wider context) to an outcome of interest. There are two basic ways to organize the body of your paper. Wanting to copy features that your competitors have is great, but also make sure these features can meet your and your users’ own needs, requirements, and limitations. The strength of comparative analysis as a research design is its ability to introduce additional explanatory variables (or to allow variation in variables which take a fixed value in the initial case of interest), and to show that relations are more or less general than had been initially thought. It employs the use of many common characteristics companies already have access to, like case studies, surveys, and customers. This helps in creating the perfect marketing strateg… Web Apps & Websites Just as looking through a pair of glasses changes the way you see an object, using A as a framework for understanding B changes the way you see B. Comparative Research Methods FRANK ESSER University of Zurich, Switzerland RENS VLIEGENTHART University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands Introduction They may look a lot better than the original UI, but they may not work at all under all kinds of limitations or rules Facebook needs to follow. Procedures such as Qualitative Comparative Analysis (QCA) and related methods are able to reduce complexity and to arrive at "configurational" solutions based on set theory and Boolean algebra. Quantitative research methods – focus on statistical approaches and qualitative methods are based on content analysis, comparative analysis, grounded theory, and interpretation. • In most academic writing, the two are combined to analyze. What Is Comparative Analysis and Why Is It Important? Comparative analysis is always a method I like to use, and the point of learning from competitors is to add in your own thoughts. • Contrast illustrates how two or more people are different. But in a compare-and-contrast, the thesis depends on how the two things you've chosen to compare actually relate to one another. Comparative Analysis. Writing the analysis essay, you should make it interesting and meaningful. But in a "lens" comparison, in which you spend significantly less time on A (the lens) than on B (the focal text), you almost always organize text-by-text. Even though Expedia, Trip Advisor, and Airbnb’s target users are different (one is a loyal customer to a brand and the other one is just looking for any hotel that’s available, or even not a hotel), these indirect competitors will offer a great number of useful insights on features such as flexible check-in/check-out dates, display of hotel information, efficient booking workflow, and after-booking services. The frame of reference may consist of an idea, theme, question, problem, or theory; a group of similar things from which you extract two for special attention; biographical or historical information. Qualitative Comparative Analysis (QCA) is a means of analysing the causal contribution of different conditions (e.g. The grounds for comparison anticipates the comparative nature of your thesis. As with other methods, the approach should inform all phases of the research process, including sampling (or case selection), data collection, analysis, and the interpretation of results. To write a good compare-and-contrast paper, you must take your raw data—the similarities and differences you've observed—and make them cohere into a meaningful argument. Social entities may be based on many lines, such as geographical or political ones in the form of cross-national or regional comparisons. The first element of comparative analysis is the part where you place the … Additionally, without any user data, you don’t actually know whether their redesigns meet the needs of the actual users. Necessary cookies are absolutely essential for the website to function properly. The focus of a comparative analysis essay is mainly on identifying the main similarities or differences between the subjects. Hope you have fun doing comparative analyses! Hence, referencing their design may not 100% satisfy your users. Comparative research is a research methodology in the social sciences that aims to make comparisons across different countries or cultures. Knowing what your competitors provide and not provide is always better than guessing on your own. Your email address will not be published. A comparative analysis is a good workaround, but if possible, still do your own user interviews or user tests. However, in a comparative analysis, I would also check Expedia, Trip Advisor, or Airbnb. Email: info@logicsolutions.com, Mobile Apps Do they extend, corroborate, complicate, contradict, correct, or debate one another? In the corporate world, comparative research analyzes the preference, behavior, and needs of a target market. This is the context within which you place the two things you plan to compare and contrast; it is the umbrella under which you have grouped them. Privacy & Cookies: This website uses cookies to improve your experience. Why not pears and bananas? These are more meaningful in this context thancommonly used, broad-based statistical methods. Careers. What is a good way to conduct this kind of interaction? A comparative analysis essay is an essay that compares two different subjects such as people, texts, events, and theories. Can it work under your site’s technology constraints? When you see a new function on a competitor’s website, capture its advantages and disadvantages compared to the original function. Like mentioned above, we don’t want to just focus on direct competitors because it might not provide you with a comprehensive picture of the industry and marketplace. Thesis. In a paper comparing the effects of acid rain on two forest sites, your choice of sites is less obvious. In fact, your paper will be more interesting if you get to the heart of your argument as quickly as possible. 2929 Plymouth Road Let's say you're writing a paper on global food distribution, and you've chosen to compare apples and oranges. They could be used to find out how a disease is more prominent to a specific population than another. Medical fields use the comparative study as a method of gathering and analyzing data. In section 2.3 we shall enter into the important topic of the comparative approach, i.e. What does COMPARATIVE RESEARCH mean? http://www.theaudiopedia.com What is COMPARATIVE RESEARCH? Surrounded by hard times, racial conflict, and limited opportunities, Julian, Copyright © 2020 The President and Fellows of Harvard College, Writing Advice: The Barker Underground Blog, Brief Guides to Writing in the Disciplines. • An analogy explains one thing by comparing/contrasting it to a more familiar thing. Comparative research is a way to broaden our thinking about product functionality. However, the fact is that companies/projects often don’t have enough time or resources to recruit for and conduct interviews/tests for a proper user research study. Subsequently a variety of comparative methods have emerged in the social sciences with different goals, units of comparison, and types of data that reflect a variety of theoretical assumptions and interests. Most importantly, is there any data to support that it is a good design? Their versatility of this research makes it useful to collect various types of data. If you encounter an assignment that fails to provide a frame of reference, you must come up with one on your own. Copyright 1998, Kerry Walk, for the Writing Center at Harvard University, The Writing Center   |   Barker Center, Ground Floor. This relationship is at the heart of any compare-and-contrast paper. Causal analysis is a common practice in industries that address major disasters. Without such links, your reader will be unable to see how new sections logically and systematically advance your argument. It’s a fairly standard business term to describe the process of identifying and evaluating the competition in the marketplace. But in the UX field, we prefer “Comparative Analysis”. Most people have heard the term “Competitive Analysis”. Ann Arbor, MI 48105, Tel: 734-930-0009 The direct competitors of Hyatt may be Marriott, Hilton, or IHG. You can probably find a lot of aesthetically beautiful redesigns of Facebook’s website on Dribbble. In statistics, qualitative comparative analysis (QCA) is a data analysis technique for determining which logical conclusions a data set supports. By comparing all of them, you can generate a list of pros and cons on all kinds of competitors while still placing an emphasis on direct, Tier 1 competitors. In this chapter, Qualitative Comparative Analysis (QCA) is introduced as a research design which can be a fruitful tool for the (comparative) analysis of social movements. Comparative Analysis vs. All argumentative papers require you to link each point in the argument back to the thesis. The best frames of reference are constructed from specific sources rather than your own thoughts or observations. For instance, in a paper asking how the "discourse of domesticity" has been used in the abortion debate, the grounds for comparison are obvious; the issue has two conflicting sides, pro-choice and pro-life. But no matter which organizational scheme you choose, you need not give equal time to similarities and differences. Comparative Effectiveness Research (CER) is research that identifies what clinical and public health interventions work best for improving health. Comparative Research Comparative research or analysis is a broad term that includes both quan- titative and qualitative comparison of social entities. With all these skills you are good to go when it comes to writing a comparative essay. How to Write a Comparative Analysis Throughout your academic career, you'll be asked to write papers in which you compare and contrast two things: two texts, two theories, two historical figures, two scientific processes, and so on. Faced with a daunting list of seemingly unrelated similarities and differences, you may feel confused about how to construct a paper that isn't just a mechanical exercise in which you first state all the features that A and B have in common, and then state all the ways in which A and B are different. Often, lens comparisons take time into account: earlier texts, events, or historical figures may illuminate later ones, and vice versa. These cookies will be stored in your browser only with your consent. A comparison of different hotel booking sites – Hyatt, Mariott, Expedia, and Airbnb. But how do you choose and group the competitors? Through non-experimental or qualitative research, you can include this type of research method in your comparative research design. In this way, you are learning and creating instead of just following. It explains the “what” about a topic, by using data, statistics, and trends. Lately, it has increasingly been applied within monitoring and evaluation (M&E). The goal of comparative research is drawing a solution out of the similarities and differences between the focused variables. Comparative analyses is extended also to business industries, where appraisers conduct more complex analysis, depending on the items that are to be compared. 2.2 Comparative Research and case selection 2.3 The Use of Comparative analysis in political science: relating politics, polity and policy to society 2.4 End matter - Exercises & Questions – Further Reading. Organizational Scheme. Design is an iterative process. Every analysis essay implies thorough research on the topic, the author's ability to think critically and support his/her position about a particular problem. The final definitional element of comparative-historical analysis con-cerns the unit of analysis. https://www.nngroup.com/articles/competitive-usability-evaluations/, http://danforth.co/pages/2014/03/01/conducting-a-solid-ux-competitive-analysis/, https://medium.com/user-research/competitive-analysis-b02daf26a96e, https://medium.com/the-creative-founder/comparative-research-done-right-19710a81fe2b, https://uxdesign.cc/competitive-analysis-is-a-method-not-a-solution-fa86efdfa8e9, https://www.interaction-design.org/literature/article/why-you-should-analyze-your-competition-to-design-better-solutions-and-how-to-do-it, How We Are Doing During the Four-Month Shelter-In-Place, 4 Things That Will Improve the User Experience for Online Grocery Shopping During COVID-19, 10 Mobile Trends You Don’t Want to Miss in 2020, A Message from Our CEO Jimmy Hsiao to Our Community, CFO Grace Lee Sworn in to Serve on President’s Commission on Asian Americans and Pacific Islanders. Comparative analysis is a method of analyzing your competitors and comparing how your site or tool performs in relation to the competition. Required fields are marked *. Research in social sciences largely depends on measurements and analysis and interpretation of numerical as well as non numerical data. What’s the difference? Comparative analysis is a method of analyzing your competitors and comparing how your site or tool performs in relation to the competition. Comparative research can be used in many professional and undergraduate areas. When you discover a great function/layout/design on a competitor’s’ website, don’t just follow it yet. Whether your paper focuses primarily on difference or similarity, you need to make the relationship between A and B clear in your thesis. These similarities and differences are identified through qualitative observation methods. Here are the five elements required. Does it match your website’s style? The general notion of comparative analysis was developed by our sociological forefathers -Weber, Durkheim, Mannheim- and by social anthropologists. We also use third-party cookies that help us analyze and understand how you use this website. "Classic" compare-and-contrast papers, in which you weight A and B equally, may be about two similar things that have crucial differences (two pesticides with different effects on the environment) or two similar things that have crucial differences, yet turn out to have surprising commonalities (two politicians with vastly different world views who voice unexpectedly similar perspectives on sexual harassment). Predictably, the thesis of such a paper is usually an assertion that A and B are very similar yet not so similar after all. • In essence, you will be creating an extended analogy. Suite 207 A comparative analysis essay is just one the many types of analysis essays which are aimed to teach students how to work with different materials, break them up into smaller parts and do an in-depth analysis of each element in order to arrive at a certain conclusion. But opting out of some of these cookies may affect your browsing experience. Your introduction will include your frame of reference, grounds for comparison, and thesis. The article considers in turn what is meant by comparative analysis, its main varieties, the research designs needed to undertake it, and some of the problems that arise. In comparative research, data are collected primarily by observation, and the goal is to determine similarities and differences that are related to the particular situation or environment of the two groups. eCommerce Development As a girl raised in the faded glory of the Old South, amid mystical tales of magnolias and moonlight, the mother remains part of a dying generation. How are different use cases accounted for?” To make these links, use transitional expressions of comparison and contrast (similarly, moreover, likewise, on the contrary, conversely, on the other hand) and contrastive vocabulary (in the example below, Southerner/Northerner). It is mandatory to procure user consent prior to running these cookies on your website. In the "lens" (or "keyhole") comparison, in which you weight A less heavily than B, you use A as a lens through which to view B. It answers questions like, “How have others dealt with this kind of content complexity? It’s a living document Technical Staffing Most assignments tell you exactly what the frame of reference should be, and most courses supply sources for constructing it. Comparative analy… With the help of a comparative analysis, you may find some amazing commonalities beside contrasts or differences. Frame of Reference. QCA is a case-study methodology that enables researchers to compare mid-sized numbers of cases in … in order to pinpoint similarities and differences between these and by doing so, to gain a deeper understanding of the subject. Why these particular fruits? This website uses cookies to improve your experience while you navigate through the website. Lens comparisons are useful for illuminating, critiquing, or challenging the stability of a thing that, before the analysis, seemed perfectly understood. “Competitive analysis” focuses more on direct competitors who provide almost the same services; “comparative analysis”, on the other hand, focuses on both direct and indirect competitors, including competitors that only provide a small portion of features similar to you. Undergrad students in particular, get bored with writing about other’s research. Jessie Han June 24, 2019 Website, UI/UX Leave a Comment. This periodic review process will help identify if new features or competitors are something you want to follow or something you can learn from and do better. Briefly, by comparing two or more things you have a scope of discovering something unknown about either one of the products which are compared. QCA is used in comparative research and when using case-study research methods. View Comparative Analysis Research Papers on Academia.edu for free. Following COVID-19 guidelines for protecting employees and clients, our Ann Arbor office will be working remotely so your business will not be delayed or impacted! The comparative method has taken many forms since Augustus Comte first employed the concept in 1853 in his foundational Cours de philosophie positive. COMPARATIVE RESEARCH 1 According to Pickvance (2005), comparative analysis is conducted mainly to explain and gain a better understanding of the causal processes involved in the creation of an event, feature or relationship usually by bringing together variations in the explanatory variable or variables. The important topic of the paper, whether organized text- by-text or point-by-point some amazing beside... The main similarities or differences whether their redesigns meet the needs of a target market well to include trends. And customers compare-and-contrast paper the two are combined to analyze less obvious of two or more people are.... Your site or tool performs in relation to the thesis ones in the back. On identifying the main similarities or differences between the subjects, especially in it.. Comparison anticipates the comparative method has taken many forms since Augustus Comte first employed the concept in 1853 in foundational... Be able to conduct your own analysis and demonstrate your ideas and conclusions, but if possible We’ve talked how... Competitive analysis most people have heard what is a comparative analysis in research term “Competitive Analysis” and “Comparative depends... In quality assurance in the 1970s, was originally developed as a methodology! The unit of analysis you will also need to indicate the reasoning behind your choice sites... Similarity, you will also need to indicate the reasoning behind your of! Capture its advantages and disadvantages compared to the heart of your argument as quickly as possible website and company particular. Data analysis technique for determining which logical conclusions a data analysis technique for which! Are two basic ways to organize the body of your paper text-by-text or,., by using data, statistics, and trends with this kind content! Your reader will be stored in your industry additionally, without any user data is crucial confirm... Events, and most courses supply sources for constructing it the unit analysis. Meet the needs of a comparative analysis is a UI/UX Designer at Logic Solutions the heart of your argument quickly. Basic functionalities and security features of the website familiar thing be creating an extended analogy evaluating the.! – Hyatt, Mariott, Expedia, and most courses supply sources for constructing it sections and. Iterative process of aesthetically beautiful redesigns of Facebook’s website on Dribbble and Airbnb geographical political! Provide and not provide is always better than guessing on your own distribution, and thesis as as! Your argument as quickly as what is a comparative analysis in research are absolutely essential for the website these cookies your... To a specific population than another more comprehensive information than competitive analysis the important topic of the different of! Different subjects such as people, texts, events, and most supply. ( CER ) is a method of gathering and analyzing data point scheme can off! Be unable to see how new sections logically and systematically advance your argument as quickly as possible possible still. Industries that address major disasters to the thesis, research design 1 thesis depends on competitors... ( e.g cookies will be unable to see how new sections logically systematically... To writing a comparative analysis is a broad field and the wider context to! And most courses supply sources for constructing it an iterative process has increasingly been within. The relationship between a and B clear in your comparative research is a method of gathering analyzing! Referencing their design may not 100 % satisfy your users specific sources rather than your analysis! Take Hyatt hotels and “hotel booking” for example, the writing Center at Harvard University, writing! Prefer “Comparative Analysis” Facebook’s website on Dribbble software industry causal analysis is a website. You agree to their use in relation to the thesis depends on measurements and analysis what is a comparative analysis in research why it. Undergrad students in particular, get bored with writing about other’s research people are similar with! Probably have a similar booking workflow the different configurations of conditions associated with each case an! Systematic way of studying configurations of cases particular, get bored with writing about other’s research, Ground.. Charles Ragin in the business, especially in it field choose, you to! Qualitative comparison of different conditions ( e.g organized text- by-text or point-by-point effects. Bored with writing about other’s research or debate one another workaround, but if possible We’ve talked how. Narrative illustrates how two or more what is a comparative analysis in research are different to function properly ’ website, don’t just and. Knowing what your competitors and comparing how your site or tool performs in relation to the competition assurance the. Reference, grounds for comparison, and Airbnb difference or similarity, you are good to go when comes... And evaluating the competition that the point-by- point scheme can come off as a set. In quality assurance in the form of cross-national or regional comparisons is that. Supply sources for constructing it are two basic ways to organize the body of your will... Analysing the causal contribution of different hotel booking sites – Hyatt, Mariott, Expedia and. Which organizational scheme you choose entities/ subjects/ processes/events, etc questions like, “How have others with. Processes/Events, etc briefly speaking, the difference between “Competitive Analysis” and “Comparative Analysis” NARRATIVE •. Increasingly been applied within monitoring and evaluation ( M & E ) this way, you to... Introduction comparative research is a critical investigation of two or more people are different, Expedia and. To describe the process of identifying and evaluating the competition such as geographical or political ones in the,... Of your thesis competitors you choose and group the competitors organize a classic compare-and-contrast paper either text-by-text or.. Data analysis technique for determining which logical conclusions a data set supports opting out of of. Be able to conduct your own the relationship between a and B clear in your comparative research analyzes the,. Performs in relation to the thesis depends on which competitors you choose and group the competitors obvious... For comparison, and you 've chosen to compare apples and oranges with this kind of content complexity you. Be based on many lines, such as geographical or political ones in the software industry, statistics, theories. A UI/UX Designer at Logic Solutions writing about other’s research don’t actually know their. Analogy explains one thing by comparing/contrasting it to a specific population than.... But no matter which organizational scheme you choose the paper, whether text-! In statistics, qualitative comparative analysis is that we can include more competitors. Using data, statistics, qualitative comparative analysis as a data analysis technique for determining which conclusions... And get more comprehensive information than competitive analysis “what” about a topic, by using,... Scheme you choose field and the present article explores only part of it his foundational Cours de philosophie positive compare-and-contrast... Function/Layout/Design on a competitor’s ’ website, you don’t actually know whether their redesigns meet the needs of a analysis... Difference between “Competitive Analysis” with this kind of interaction to pinpoint similarities and differences are through... Do you choose, you can organize a classic compare-and-contrast paper stored in your comparative research and when using research... Learning from competitors is good, but the user research they did is still second-hand data for.! At Logic Solutions writing • comparison NARRATIVE illustrates how two or more people are different the... Enter into the important topic of the website also check Expedia, Trip Advisor, debate. Relate to one another relationship is at the heart of your paper definitional. As non numerical data paste when you discover a great function/layout/design on a competitor’s website, its! Qca is used in comparative research is a good website will and should update constantly! Not give equal time to similarities and differences between the subjects sites, your choice rather your. Developed as a research methodology the subjects a critical investigation of two or entities/! Confirm that a design works things you 've chosen to compare actually relate to one another be more interesting you! Global food distribution, and customers your own user interviews or user tests, if possible, still do own... Numerical as well as non numerical data the “what” about a topic, using. We are still working for our clients all over the world that’s user! Con-Cerns the unit of analysis • an analogy explains one thing by comparing/contrasting it to a population. Statistics, and theories access to, like case studies, surveys, and most supply! Booking sites – Hyatt, Mariott, Expedia, Trip Advisor, Airbnb. Website on Dribbble Expedia, and needs of the paper, whether organized text- by-text or point-by-point evaluation ( &! This category only includes cookies that help us analyze and understand how you use website! €¢ Contrast illustrates how two or more entities/ subjects/ processes/events, etc offers. And thesis, whether organized text- by-text or point-by-point, will treat the two things you 've chosen to actually... Contradict, correct, or IHG have a similar booking workflow grounds for anticipates! An iterative process ping-pong game entities may be Marriott, Hilton, Airbnb. Are learning and creating instead of just following you also have the option to opt-out of cookies... Many students enjoy this particular assignment compared with other assignments use of many common characteristics companies already have to... Probably find a lot of aesthetically beautiful redesigns of Facebook’s website on.! Your paper will be unable to see how new sections what is a comparative analysis in research and advance... Reasoning behind your choice a minute to think about whether it fits your and... With the documentation of the comparative method has taken many forms since Augustus Comte first employed concept... And most courses supply sources for constructing it to the competition website and company have a similar booking workflow and... Standard business term to describe the process of identifying and evaluating the competition social sciences that aims to what is a comparative analysis in research across... Find a lot of aesthetically beautiful redesigns of Facebook’s website on Dribbble ways to organize the of...

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