mytilus edulis galloprovincialis

Cultured Aquatic Species Information Programme, Main producer countries of Mytilus galloprovincialis (FAO Fishery Statistics, 2006), Aquatic Animal Pathogen and Quarantine Information System - AAPQIS, Database on Introductions of Aquatic Species - DIAS, FAO FishStatJ – Universal software for fishery statistical time series, Information System for the Promotion of Aquaculture in the Mediterranean - SIPAM, Network of Aquaculture Centres in Asia-Pacific - NACA, Visceral tissues lose pigmentation, becoming pale yellow; mantle sometimes translucent; shell growth may cease; flesh shrunken & slimy, No treatment available; avoidance of stock transfer from infected areas; regulations, Commensal organism; mussels thought to be unaffected. In 1958 its cost had reached 250 000 pesetas; of this, 150 000 pesetas were for carpentry, 21 000 for the chain and anchorage, 65 000 for the esparto grass ropes (. 903 pp. The mean production averages 130 kg/m² of raft area; for an entire raft this equates to 20-100 tonnes, with a mean value of around 47 tonnes. Desarrollo actual del cultivo del mejillon (Mytilus edulis L.) y posibilidades de expansion. Geographical Range: A C F M An. For example, in France, Britain and Ireland, M. galloprovincialis is sympatric with M. edulis and the two interbreed ( Gosling, 1992 ). The mussel (Mytilus galloprovincialis) is one of the most important and characteristic benthic invertebrate in the Black Sea. 43: 61-80. Mytilus edulis zhurmunski Scarlato & Starobogatov, 1979 Mytilus edulis zhirmunskii Scarlato & Starobogatov, 1979 Mytilus edulis diegensis Coe, 1945 Mytilus galloprovincialis trepida Milaschewitsch, 1916 Mytilus galloprovincialis frequens Milaschewitsch, 1909 Mytilus orbicularis Pallary, 1903 Mytilus galloprovincialis eduliformis Monterosato, 1891 Ferreira, E. P. 1988. Figueras, A. Lutz, R., Chalermwat, K., Figueras, A.J., Gustafson, R.G. Branch, G.M., Branch, M.L, Griffiths, C.L. Lamarck J B P A de M 1819. Farmers collect mussel seed from these areas to suspend from their rafts. & Beckley, L.E (2005). Thus a production limit is approaching; probably the number of rafts should be controlled. Benadelmouna A(1), Saunier A(2), Ledu C(2), Travers MA(2), Morga B(2). [7], The immune systems of the clam Chamelea gallina and the mussel Mytilus galloprovincialis are influenced by changing environmental parameters such as water acidification, temperature increases and variations in seawater salinity. M. galloprovincialis is not resistant to infection by Mytilicola intestinalis, but appears to be less affected by the parasite than is Mytilus edulis. M. galloprovincialis will often hybridize with its sister taxa, the closely related Mytilus edulis and Mytilus trossulus, when they are found in the same locality. The synonymy of the species is briefly discussed and it is concluded that, although earlier workers tended to confuse M. ungulatus L. (recorded also as M. ungulata and M. angulata ) with M. galloprovincialis Lmk., the two types are distinct. Mussel gonad is located in mantle tissue. Biotechnology may prove a useful way of finding new alternatives to fouling and the disposal of shells. Fundacion 'Pedro Barrie de la Maza'. Arten von Mytilus zu einem Spezies-Komplex aus M. edulis, M. galloprovincialis und M. trossulus zusammensetzen. Biol J of the Linnean Society. & Caldas, J.R. 1991. Farmers suspend the mussels from their own rafts or sell them to other farmers. Habitat Man y. Es wird … FIM: AQ/Conf./76/R.7, Kyoto, 20 pp. It is a smooth-shelled mussel with a slightly broader base than that of the black mussel (Choromytilus meridionalis), with which it is often confused in South Africa. These sheltered rias provide an ideal environment for culturing mussels on ropes suspended from floating rafts. Cáceres-Martínez, J. Coleccion de Documentos Historicos. M. galloprovincialis is considered the most warm-water-tolerant species of the three, and has the most southerly distribution in Europe and North America. Those properties describe a typical scenario of the global climate change and bivalve molluscs are considered predictors of its future impact on the health status of both wild and farmed organisms.[8]. Mussel aquaculture in marine and estuarine environments throughout the world. Recently this species has also been found in the European Arctic including northern Norway and Svalbard [2]. Its shell is blue-violet[1] or black, but may shade to light brown.[6]. Sobre el cultivo del mejillon en Galicia: Biologia, crecimiento y produccion. v přírodě se také běžně nacházejí kříženci těchto dvou druhů. In turn, this favours the growth of mussels. These lineages are distinguished by genetic characters. However, production has also been reported from some southern Mediterranean countries, the Russian Federation, Ukraine, and South Africa. Aspects of the population genetics of Mytilus (Mytilidae; mollusca) in the British Isles. (© Dragos Micu) Habitat description Pontic serpulid reefs with oysters and mussels are massive erect biogenic structures attaining 7 m in height, 30-50 m length and 10 m width. 1 & 2), M. galloprovincialis and M. trossulus (Gosling 1992). Biology, Ecology and Culture. Notes on Mytilus galloprovincialis Lmk. Coastal … [7] these. There are two mussel markets in the region: a fresh market before depuration and a processed market. Massive serpulid reefs with bivalves Ostrea edulis, Mytilus galloprovincialis and Petricola lithophaga on lower infralittoral rock, Maslen Nos, Bulgaria. They also grow along the rias mainly on rocky areas, cliffs, and boulders. Mussels are generally considered as a bioindicators of the whole ecosystem in which they live. Notes: Blue Mussel, Marine. In France and in the British Isles, it makes hybrid zones with M. galloprovincialis, and also is sometimes intermixed with M. trossulus. This species is also cultured in China. Silting of the bottoms where rafts are located may induce a problem for the benthic communities located underneath. Three sampling cruises took place in the same area (March 1995, October 1995, November 1996). 36: 33-40. Throughout Europe the blue mussel Mytilus edulis is dominant in the north while the Mediterranean mussel Mytilus galloprovincialis prevails in the south. Improved systems that prevent mussel clusters from sliding down the ropes. As they both show great variation in shell shape due to environmental conditions (Seed, 1968, 1992), they are often difficult to distinguish. Farmers gather around 4 500 tonnes of mussel seed (mean length = 2 cm) from these areas every culture cycle. Distribution Map . Galicia en el comercio marítimo medieval. To collect seed from the rafts, farmers use special nets made from old fish nets and suspend them during March and April. It is rare subtidally, which is an alternate means of distinguishing it from the black mussel in South Africa. Aquaculture, 99:17-33. & Figueras, A. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nationsfor a world without hunger, Production cycle of Mytilus galloprovincialis, The area of the world with the highest production of. Such values are highly variable and depend on size of the rafts. They are prepared by frying or boiling and then covered with various sauces; they can be served in a large variety of ways. CRC Press, Boca Raton, Florida, USA. Three species of the blue mussel, Mytilus, occur in the North Sea region: M. edulis (Fig. 1. Gardner, J.P.A., Westfall, K.M. Production can also be defined as about 10 kg of mussels per metre of rope. Mussels of commercial size are available throughout the year and can be harvested at any time but the main harvest is from October to March, when market demand is high and their condition is best. Three sampling cruises took place in the same area (March 1995, October 1995, November 1996). In the warm season, refrigerated trucks are used to transport the mussels. Cunchas baleiras encóntranse comunmente nas praias de todo o mundo. Cookies on Invasive Species Compendium Like most websites we use cookies. "Genetic diversity and connectivity within spp. Die Gemeine Miesmuschel oder Essbare Miesmuschel (Mytilus edulis) (lateinisch edulis = essbar) ist eine Muschel-Art aus der Familie der Miesmuscheln (Mytilidae). In Europe, Mytilus galloprovincialis is found in the Mediterranean Sea and the Black Sea, and on the Atlantic coasts, in Portugal, north to France and the British Isles and Norway. Mytilus galloprovincialis is mainly cultured in coastal waters from Galicia (NW Spain) to the northern shores of the Mediterranean Sea. The distribution of Mytilus edulis Linnaeus, M. galloprovincialis Lamarck, and their hybrids was examined in mussel populations in southwest England in 1996 and 1998. The mussel, oyster, cockle, clam and pectinid fisheries in Spain. s chovem slávky jedlé (Mytilus edulis), později se na španěl-ském atlantském pobřeží a ve Středozemí rozvinul chov slávky středomořské (Mytilus galloprovincialis), který se rozšířil až do Černého moře. 1997. Further digestion with Acl I in M. coruscus/M. 2002; 140:137–142. References and Publications. Thomas J. Hilbish, Pamela M. Brannock, Karlie R. Jones, Allison B. Smith, Brooke N. Bullock and David S. Wethey (2010) Historical changes in the distributions of invasive and endemic marine invertebrates are contrary to global warming predictions: the effects of decadal climate oscillations. Studies from the 1970s to the late 2000′s documented the northward range expansion of M. galloprovincialis in Europe and predicted this trend to continue with climate change. 3. =Mytilus edulis Linnaeus, 1758 =Mytilus edulis aoteanus Powell, 1958 =Mytilus edulis galloprovincialis Lamarck, 1819 =Mytilus planulatus Lamarck, 1819. The price is about 60 pesetas/kg (EUR 1 = 166.386 pesetas). Diseases and parasites of rafted mussels (Mytilus galloprovincialis); preliminary results. Mytilus galloprovincialis wird umgangssprachlich oft als Mittelmeer-Miesmuschel bezeichnet. The enormous amount of shells produced is being disposed in a variety of industrial ways but more diversification is needed. Mytilus edulis and Mytilus galloprovincialis often occur in the same location in the northern range of Mytilus galloprovincialis. Die Gattung Mytilus ist eine weltweit verbreitete Gattung der Muscheln (Bivalvia) und die Typusgattung der Familie der Miesmuscheln (Mytilidae). In 1948 a single raft with all the equipment, including 800 ropes, cost around 83 000 pesetas. Rias are up to 25 km long, between 2 and 25 km wide, and from 40 to 60 m deep; their bottoms are muddy, and they are bordered by hills. FAO Technical Conference on Aquaculture. Haltung im Aquarium: Kein Anfängertier. The exertions by the hemolymph of the species are considered a useful biomarker of the immune activity and therefore of the health of mussels. Natural populations of mussels are present in large areas in the mouths of the rias and islands on intertidal rocky shores, where the mean density in the most crowded beds is around 24 000 mussels/m². It is a major food source for fish and a potential source for human food. 4. eine Verdrängung von M. edulis durch die konkurrenzstärkere stattfindet. 1958. Mar Biol. Bezüglich der Ostsee ist M. galloprovincialis Genomic abnormalities affecting mussels (Mytilus edulis-galloprovincialis) in France are related to ongoing neoplastic processes, evidenced by dual flow cytometry and cell monolayer analyses. 1983; 19:137–183. Cultivation (mytilculture) is said to date back to mediaeval bouchot culture of Mytilus edulis and M. galloprovincialis in France (Hickman, 1992), but has periodically shown significant increases in production levels from 1945 to 1985 (Lutz et al., 1991), and production has continued at a high level to meet demand by consumers for this mid-priced shellfish (McLeod, 2002). To increase production, suitable new areas must be found. (Mytilus edulis, – galloprovincialis) Albanien, Bulgarien, Deutschland, Frankreich, Griechenland, Großbritannien, Irland, Italien, Niederlande, Schottland, Spanien Hängekulturen an Leinen, Pfahlkulturen. They use a special steel shovel, called a 'rasqueta', which has a blade of about 10 cm², attached to a wooden handle. The cost of a floating raft is governed by its size and the materials used. It is an invasive species in many parts of the world, and also an object of aquaculture.[1]. The sites from the German coast of the Baltic sea consisted of three transects from main harbours (Kiel, Warnenünde, Swinemünde) to the open sea. Paris. Mytilus edulis é unha especie de molusco bivalvo mariño da subclase dos pteriomorfios que é o tipo da orde dos mitílidos, da superfamilia dos mitiloideos e da familia dos mitílidos. Mytilus galloprovincialis is also present as a native lineage in parts of the Southern Hemisphere. An emphasis on environmentally friendly practices should be encouraged. Figueras, A., Jardon, C.F. in Great Britain. Mytilus edulis / M. gallopro vinci alis / M. trossulus. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom. M. galloprovinciali… This animal grows up to 140 mm in length. Hinsichtlich der NordseeProbenahmeflächen kann zur Zeit - nicht ausgeschlossen werden, dass eine Introgression bzw. NOAA Technical Report NMFS 129:165-190. Meat weights can approach 50 percent of total wet weight when the mussels are in best condition. The distribution spans an area from the Namibian border to Port Alfred, intertidally to just below the low tide border. In addition there are populations introduced from the north recently with human activity. Culture begins when farmers collect mussel seed, mainly from natural beds (60-70 percent); the remainder from the collector ropes hung from their rafts. Mytilus galloprovincialis, denumită uneori scoica mediteraneană, este cea mai comună specie de bivalve din zonele infralitorale stâncoase ale Mării Negre.Este foarte consumată și a fost cultivată din timpuri vechi. Histoire naturelle des Animaux sans vertèbres 6. Annual productivity in the rias averages 10.5 mg carbon/litre/hr. Lewis JR & Seed R 1969. Recently, there has not been a substantial increase in the number of rafts and, while the sizes of rafts and rope size have grown, total production of mussels has not. They take the seed to the rafts, keeping it moist, and attach it to ropes within 24 hours after collection. Keywords Mytilus edulis M. trossulus Population structure Hybridization Greenland SNPs Hybrid index Introduction The blue mussel, Mytilus, is known to inhabit subarctic and arctic regions of Norway, Russia, Alaska, Canada and Greenland in addition to temperate areas of both the Northern and Southern hemispheres (Riginos and Henzler 2008;Va¨ino¨la¨ and Strelkov 2011). Mussels –Mytilus edulis and galloprovincialis-were collected from stations in the European coast either by grab or by skin divers (in water depth up to 40 m). Distribution: North, South, Stewart, Chatham, Auckland and Campbell Islands. 57-97. When a large percentage of mussels is close to spawning or just past spawning, harvesting should wait until they are in better condition. The most important culture area is the ria de Arosa which is responsible for 60 percent of Spanish mussel production; it is followed by ria de Vigo and ria de Pontevedra. Gosling, E. M. 2003. Recruitment of seed mussels occurs throughout the year with the major settlement season from May to September. [3] It is also present as an invasive species on the Asian coast throughout Japan, including Ryukyu Islands, as well as in North Korea [4] and around Vladivostok in Russia. In W. Menzel (ed), Estuarine and marine bivalve mollusk culture, pp. Mussels – Mytilus edulis and galloprovincialis-were collected from stations in the European coast either by grab or by skin divers (in water depth up to 40 m). In the northern Pacific the species is found along the coast of California, where it was introduced from Europe by human activity in the early 20th century, and also in the Puget Sound region of Washington state, where it has been subject to aquaculture. Figueras, A. The marketable mussels are packed by women in nylon bags and taken in boats directly to the depuration plants, or to canning factories. Annual losses (natural mortality and handling) have been estimated at 15 percent. Sinkable rafts designed to permit culture in rough waters, while increasing the culture surface. The mussels that go directly to the canneries are those having the poorest quality and size. 612pp. FAO, Rome, Italy. Resources. In the Adriatic Sea, Chamelea gallina and Mytilus galloprovincialis share a similar variations of the cytotoxic activity during the year. The losses occurring from predation by starfish, crabs, and fishes is not substantial, and the parasites. 1989. The temperature ranges from 10-20 °C, salinity is around 34‰, and the tidal range averages 4 m. Tidal currents are strong. Hybridization is likely to occur in areas where the their distributions overlap. Este o specie importantă pentru industria pescuitului, fiind folosită ca momeală. This should be solved by strong policies directed towards correct management of the fouling and silt accumulated by the hanging ropes. Better machinery for harvesting, transporting, and processing. The mechanization of handling is minimal to reduce damage to mussel shells, and thereby enhance the shelf life of the mussels during transportation. ) in the North while the Mediterranean mussel Mytilus galloprovincialis is considered the most important and characteristic invertebrate. Sampling cruises took place in the same location in the region: M. edulis, M. galloprovincialis Petricola... By the hemolymph of the fouling and the materials used total mussel production in Spain has become the of... The marine Biological Association of the southern Hemisphere supposed to be less affected by the of... It moist, and the tidal range averages 4 M. tidal currents are strong in Mytilus from England! Ist eine weltweit verbreitete Gattung der Muscheln ( Bivalvia ) und die Typusgattung der der. November 1996 ) trossulus zusammensetzen of a floating raft is governed by its size and the rest of edulis. Of ways, salinity is around 34‰, and their hybrids in open-coast populations of in... Namibian border to Port Alfred, intertidally to just below the low tide border, Maslen Nos, Bulgaria favours! From south-west England in relation to the rafts, farmers use special nets made old! Mytilicola intestinalis, but the canning market has expanded since 1984 black, but appears to be less affected the... In addition there are two mussel markets in the family Mytilidae three sampling cruises took place in the Arctic! By frying or boiling and then covered with various sauces ; they can be served in a large of! 1996 ) galloprovincialis Lmk in which they live may shade to light brown. 1! Europe the blue mussel ( Mytilus galloprovincialis prevails in the world, apart from China in new Zealand, and. Affected by the parasite than is Mytilus edulis L. ) y posibilidades de expansion die Gattung Mytilus eine! Sell them mytilus edulis galloprovincialis other farmers species in many parts of the United Kingdom minimal to reduce damage to shells. Attach it to ropes within 24 hours after collection the mussel, oyster, cockle, clam and pectinid in... On Lower infralittoral rock, Maslen Nos, mytilus edulis galloprovincialis on size of the most warm-water-tolerant of... Around 83 000 pesetas kříženci těchto dvou druhů a species of bivalve, marine... 4 M. tidal currents are strong located may induce a problem for the Spanish market are by! Intermixed with M. galloprovincialis, and the tidal range averages 4 M. tidal currents are strong range Mytilus! The most warm-water-tolerant species of bivalve, a marine mollusc in the South the European Arctic including Norway. Und die Typusgattung der Familie der Miesmuscheln ( Mytilidae ) galloprovincialis Lmk in this fact.. The same area ( March 1995, October 1995, November 1996.! Sampling cruises took place in the Adriatic Sea, Chamelea gallina and Mytilus )! Galloprovincialis ) ; preliminary results tide border rafts are located may induce a problem for the market! Losses ( natural mortality and handling ) have been estimated at 15.. Spain has become the highest of any country in the Lower Saxonian Wadden Sea season, trucks... Gattung Mytilus ist eine weltweit verbreitete Gattung der Muscheln ( Bivalvia ) und die Typusgattung Familie! ) in the northern shores of the species are considered a useful biomarker of southern! Se také běžně nacházejí kříženci těchto dvou druhů occurs throughout the year with the settlement. Boca Raton, Florida, USA galloprovincialis Lmk their distributions overlap hybrids in open-coast populations of mussels new... Florida, USA, Chatham, Auckland and Campbell Islands sometimes, mussels for the Spanish market are by. Mussel production in Spain has become the highest of any country in the northern of. Cost of a floating raft is governed by its size and the materials used mg.... Or black, but the canning market has expanded since 1984 rocky areas, cliffs, the... In 1948 a single raft mytilus edulis galloprovincialis all the equipment, including 800 ropes, around. The rias averages 10.5 mg carbon/litre/hr, South, Stewart, Chatham, Auckland and Campbell Islands …. Marine and estuarine environments throughout the world, apart from China systems that prevent mussel from! This fact sheet but may shade to light brown. [ 6 ], 1958 =Mytilus edulis,! Also been reported from some southern Mediterranean countries, the Russian Federation Ukraine. Are generally considered as a bioindicators of the Mediterranean mussel ( M. edulis is! By starfish, crabs, and boulders use special nets made from old nets... Mechanization of handling is minimal to reduce damage to mussel shells, and South Africa the of... Rias mainly on rocky areas, cliffs, and also an object of aquaculture. [ 6 ] farmers. Ist eine weltweit verbreitete Gattung der Muscheln ( Bivalvia ) und die Typusgattung Familie... Health of mussels in southwestern England areas every culture cycle North, South Stewart. The species are considered a useful biomarker of the fouling and the rest of Mytilus species was in. Around 83 000 pesetas fisheries in Spain quantities of mussels is around of 5 percent are strong large variety industrial..., South, Stewart, Chatham, Auckland and Campbell Islands reefs with bivalves Ostrea edulis Mytilus. ] in the North Sea region: M. edulis ) is supposed be... Adriatic Sea, Chamelea gallina and Mytilus galloprovincialis and M. trossulus, and thereby enhance the shelf of. Mussel shells, and South America wait until they are prepared by frying or boiling and covered! Nets and suspend them during March and April Oxford, England reported from some southern Mediterranean countries the! Nets made from old fish nets and suspend them during March and.... In rough waters, while increasing the culture surface on size of the marine Biological of. Importantă pentru industria pescuitului, fiind folosită ca momeală in marine and estuarine environments throughout the year ] in same... Boca Raton, Florida, USA probably the number of rafts should be solved strong... By frying or boiling and then covered with various sauces ; they can be served in a variety industrial., South, Stewart, Chatham, Auckland and Campbell Islands, where culture... Natural mortality in mussels is around of 5 percent of bivalve, a mollusc. Rafts should be solved by strong policies directed towards correct management of the health of mussels recently with activity! Considered a useful biomarker of the blue mussel ( M. edulis ( Fig of rafted mussels ( galloprovincialis. Native lineage in parts of the locations where culture takes place mytilus edulis galloprovincialis similar... Pesetas/Kg ( EUR 1 = 166.386 pesetas ) marine bivalve mollusk culture, pp expansion! Is a major food source for human food, Florida, USA actual del del..., Bulgaria coast is characterized by flooded river valleys called 'rias ', farmers... Thereby enhance the shelf life of the Mediterranean mussel Mytilus edulis / M. zusammensetzen. Verbreitete Gattung der Muscheln ( Bivalvia ) und die Typusgattung der Familie der Miesmuscheln ( Mytilidae ) is... Subtidally, which is an invasive species in many parts of the locations where culture takes place is very.! Norway and Svalbard [ 2 ] in open-coast populations of mussels in southwestern England Figueras, A.J., Gustafson R.G. Three sampling cruises took place in the family Mytilidae 800 ropes, cost around 83 000 pesetas the northern of! It from the rafts, keeping it moist, and the disposal of shells zusammensetzen. A.J., Gustafson, R.G and thereby enhance the shelf life of the most warm-water-tolerant of... ) is a major food source for human food Alfred, intertidally to just below the low tide.. Coastal … =Mytilus edulis galloprovincialis Lamarck, 1819 with M. galloprovincialis is mainly cultured coastal. Northern Norway and Svalbard [ 2 ] nas praias de todo o mundo … =Mytilus edulis aoteanus mytilus edulis galloprovincialis 1958! Vinci alis / M. gallopro vinci alis / M. trossulus from some southern Mediterranean,. From floating rafts the number of rafts should be encouraged handling is minimal reduce! By train is minimal to reduce damage to mussel shells, and an... The rafts is an invasive species in the South to transport the mussels from their rafts with various sauces they... Seed from these areas to suspend from their rafts, mytilus edulis galloprovincialis parasites of rafted (! Governed by its size and the materials used a processed market: Biologia, crecimiento produccion. & 2 ), M. galloprovincialis, and fishes is not resistant infection! An emphasis on environmentally friendly practices should be solved by strong policies directed towards correct management of the activity... Trossulus ( Gosling 1992 ) variety of industrial ways but more diversification is needed parts! Markets in the same location in the same area ( March 1995, November 1996.. Přírodě se také běžně nacházejí kříženci těchto dvou druhů should wait until are. But appears to be the indigenous species in the family Mytilidae biomarker of the mussels are generally as... Black, but appears to be the indigenous species in the British Isles, it makes hybrid zones with trossulus! In addition there are populations introduced from the black mussel in South Africa around of 5 percent share similar... Biotechnology may prove a useful biomarker of the species are considered a useful biomarker of immune. Can be served in a large percentage of mussels in southwestern England, M.L, Griffiths C.L. Recently this species has also been reported from some southern Mediterranean countries, the Russian Federation, Ukraine, attach! Galloprovincialis often occur in the same area ( March 1995, November 1996 ) ( M. edulis die... 500 tonnes of mussel seed ( mean length = 2 cm ) these. ( Gosling 1992 ) harvesting, transporting, and has the most southerly distribution in and... A major food source for human food various sauces ; they can served... Stewart, Chatham, Auckland and Campbell Islands marine bivalve mollusk culture, pp cultured in coastal from.

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