phalaris aquatica common name

Grasses. it is a human commensal). In Australia harvester ants are well known distributors (and consumers) of the seeds of phalaris and other grasses (Watson et al., 2000). Phalaris aquatica (bulbous canary grass); habit, with a large flowering plant growing on a roadside. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. 2013. http://www.theplantlist.org, USDA-ARS, 2015. Botanical Family Poaceae. DiTomaso JM; Kyser GB; Oneto SR; Wilson RG; Orloff SB; Anderson LW; Wright SD; Roncoroni JA; Miller TL; Prather TS; Ransom C; Beck KG; Duncan C; Wilson KA; Mann JJ, 2013. stenoptera (Hack.) Waray hini subspecies nga nakalista. Improved cultivars have been developed in Argentina, Greece, Israel, Tunisia (Oram et al., 2009), Australia (Watson et al., 2000), California (Dyer and O’Beck, 2005) and New Zealand (Rumball, 1980). In California flowering occurs between May and June, with viable seed formed between May and September. Phalaris amethystina Trin. Reference taxon from WCSP in Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life. ... or name for species profiles. Flora of Pakistan/Pakistan Plant Database (PPD). The first century of Phalaris aquatica L. cultivation and genetic improvement: a review. http://www.dpi.nsw.gov.au/__data/assets/pdf_file/0007/165049/p251.pdf, Weeds of Australia, 2015. These toxicoses present as either ‘phalaris staggers’ or ‘phalaris sudden death’. Name Synonyms Phalaris altissima Menezes Phalaris aquatica var. Phalaris aquatica : Source: NODC Taxonomic Code, database (version 8.0) Acquired: 1996 : Notes: Reference for: Phalaris aquatica ... Common Name: Scientific Name : TSN: In: Kingdom Go to Advanced Search and Report . The common name Phalaris is from the genus name. Phalaris aquatica (bulbous canary grass); collar area, showing the ligule. Wallingford, UK: CABI. Crop & Pasture Science, 60(1):1-15. http://www.publish.csiro.au/nid/40/paper/CP08170.htm, Peterson DL, 2001. > 0°C, dry summers, GISD/IASPMR: Invasive Alien Species Pathway Management Resource and DAISIE European Invasive Alien Species Gateway. Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2015. hirtiglumis Batt. Kanariegras (Phalaris) is een geslacht uit de grassenfamilie (Poaceae).De soorten van dit geslacht komen voor in gematigde gebieden op het noordelijk halfrond en Zuid-Amerika.. Soorten. Common name; English: ... Media in category "Phalaris aquatica" The following 42 files are in this category, out of 42 total. 2nd edition. Environmental weed in NSW and Victoria. http://keyserver.lucidcentral.org/weeds/data/03030800-0b07-490a-8d04-0605030c0f01/media/Html/Phalaris_aquatica.htm, CABI, Undated. Burning of new shoots in early spring can suppress the weed, although it is not effective for total control. stenoptera (Hack.) In Australia it will persist where the average annual rainfall is 500 mm or more, with most falling in autumn to late spring (Watson et al., 2000). Hybrids between P. aquatica and P. arundinacea have been produced. and F.J. Richardson, xvi + 304 pp. Scientific plant list. Wellington, New Zealand: E.C. A.]. It grows best at 15o to 25oC. Flora of Pakistan/Pakistan Plant Database (PPD). The economic aspects of this species where it is sown as a forage crop are overwhelmingly positive. With appropriate management, it is very persistent. Family. Its most vigorous growth is in spring and autumn and it is quick to respond to early autumn rainfall. One or more of the features that are needed to show you the maps functionality are not available in the web browser that you are using. Lincoln, New Zealand: Manaaki Whenua Press, Landcare Research. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). Flower stems have smooth internodes. Agr., Agr. Structural class. Phalaris tuberosa L. Phalaris stenoptera Hack. However, in Australia, Watson et al. Phalaris aquatica (bulbous canary grass); bulbous base of a shoot. ; Phalaris angusta Nees ex Trin. Hierarchical position of the Genus Phalaris. Vernacular names P. canariensis and P. minor are both annuals, usually have shorter inflorescences and lack the tuberous swelling at the base of the stem of P. aquatica. Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, 2014. UPOV Principal Botanical Name: Phalaris aquatica L. UPOV Code: PHALR_AQU: Other Botanical Names: Phalaris stenoptera Hack. Structural class. A. Hitchc. Interestingly, Watson et al. Common name: Phalaris. COMMON NAMES. Alden R; Hackney B; Weston LA; Quinn JC, 2014. AVH is a collaborative project of the state, Commonwealth and territory herbaria, developed under the auspices of the Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria (CHAH), representing the major Australian collections. Presumably, once well-established, individual plants of P. aquatica can survive for some years and dense stands of the species presumably sustain themselves through a combination of long-lived plants and reseeding (Peterson, 2001). Phalaris aquatica L. Details; Images (1) Synonyms (106) References (35) Homonyms (1) Subordinate Taxa; ... Phalaris L. Projects: ... PAPGI, Peru, VPA Common Names: bulb canary grass (English) No References available bulbous canary grass (English, United States) Brako, L., A.Y. These authors report that the base of the stem of P. aquatica produces a reddish sap when cut, unlike the other species. Phalaris aquatica (bulbous canary grass); flowerhead, with emergent anthers. Crop & Pasture Science. Keeping Landscapes Working, 4(3):6-7. http://cesantaclara.ucanr.edu/news_719/Keeping_Landscapes_Working/?newsitem=25462. Phalaris aquatica Hardinggrass This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and … Phalaris aquatica Photo courtesy Joseph DiTomaso. http://keyserver.lucidcentral.org/weeds/data/media/Html/phalaris_aquatica.htm. Preferred Names. Phalaris arundinacea L. Look at other dictionaries: Some pre-emergent herbicides no longer approved for use in the EU gave good control in the past (Berry and Buchanan, 1974, quoted in Peterson, 2001). ... Phalaris robinsoniana Nees ex Steud. Native Introduced Native and Introduced. It is most common in coastal valley and foothill grasslands from Oregon to the Mexican border. Although plants of P. aquatica can spread outwards by means of their short rhizomes, the main way in which plants spread is by production of copious seeds. http://www.brc.ac.uk/plantatlas/index.php?q=node/1792. It is also found as a casual on rubbish tips and waste ground. Phalaris amethystina Trin. by Bossard, C. C. \Randall, J. M. \Hoshovsky, M. C.]. Version: 2nd April 2015. http://delta-intkey.com/grass/www/phalaris.htm, Watson RW; McDonald WJ; Bourke CA, 2000. Location - Language - Common name: Language - Common name - Location: Common name/Language/Location. If the plant community is relatively competitive with P. aquatica, then it should not pose a great threat and can probably be adequately controlled. Preferred Names. Mga kasarigan. Agfact P2.5.1. Access to higher quality images can also be provided on request. Res. [Department of Scientific and Industrial Research Information Series No. P. aquatica was first cultivated in Britain in 1778 where it was (and is) sown as cover and food for pheasants, and more rarely for grazing or silage. Phalaris toxicoses in Australian livestock production systems: prevalence, aetiology and toxicology. It is slow to develop from seed, but can form large bunches after several years. In addition, the other three species have winged glumes, with the wing widest in the upper third of the glumes of P. canariensis and P. minor. Common Name bulbous canarygrass. Authority. The poisonous plants in New Zealand. Weeds of the south-east: an identification guide for Australia. Phalaris aquatica in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN), U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service. Reference taxon from WCSP in Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life. Phalaris aquatica (bulbous canary grass); habit, with a large plant growing on a roadside. General information about Phalaris aquatica (PHATU) Mediterranean (except southeast), Mediterranean islands, Canary Islands, Caucasus. Interpretation  Phalaris aquatica. Peterson (2001) reports that localized occurrences of P. aquatica should not be regarded as highly negative features in grasslands or other plant communities. You are free to re-use the work under that licence, on the condition that you credit the State of Victoria (Agriculture Victoria) as author, indicate if changes were made and comply with the other licence terms. Champion P; James T; Popay I; Ford K, 2012. Barry (2007) summarizes the history of P. aquatica in California from the report by Adams and Kay (1985). Repeated cultivation would be needed when the plants were actively growing. What grass is that? This summer dormancy can be influenced by cultivar, management and climate (Watson et al., 2000). Mga kasarigan. In these countries it has been sown as a pasture species or for revegetation after burning, and has naturalized and spread widely. Phalaris aquatica, known by the common names bulbous canary-grass and Harding grass, is a species of grass in the genus Phalaris of the family Poaceae. Phalaris aquatica (bulbous canary grass); habit, with a large plant growing around a power pole. Oram RN; Edlington JP, 1996. Wellington, New Zealand: Department of Scientific and Industrial Research, 136 pp. P. tuberosa) known by the common names bulbous canary-grass and Harding grass, is a species of grass in the genus Phalaris of the Poaceae Family. Rossman & D.F. The Plants Database includes the following 13 species of Phalaris . Phalaris aquatica is known to cause toxicity in livestock in the form of acute or chronic staggers or sudden death neurological (SDN) syndrome. In North America, Harrington and Lanini (2000) claim that no insects or fungi are known to be effective in controlling P. aquatica. Flora of New Zealand - Vol. Clayton WD, 1970. Phalaris bulbosa var. P. aquatica grows weakly as a seedling but is an aggressive competitor once it is established (Peterson, 2001). This work, Victorian Resources Online, is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 licence. Several herbicides are effective at controlling P. aquatica but relatively high rates are required. Hardinggrass is widespread in California because it has been used as a forage … Berry CD; Buchanan GA, 1975. by Edgar E, Connor H E]. ; Phalaris aquatica L.; Phalaris arundinacea L. - Rietgras; Phalaris brachystachys Link; Phalaris californica Hook. Rumball W, 1980. Phalaris aquatica L. Interpretation  Phalaris aquatica L. Symbol PHAQ. Both refer to the appearance of the seed head. Phalaris aquatica (syn. Barry S, 2007. P. aquatica is widespread in California as a result of its use as a forage species and for revegetation after fires. Phalaris tuberosa L. Phalaris tuberosa L. var. V: Gramineae. Phalaris aquatica L. Flora category. Phalaris commutata Roem. Tall stands of dry foliage present a fire risk in summer. P. aquatica has been deliberately introduced to a number of countries for use as a forage crop. alata (Batt. Phalaris aquatica cobbler creek.jpg 3,072 × 2,304; 2.72 MB. The Plant List: a working list of all plant species. (2000) report that phalaris pastures are sometimes seriously damaged by blue oat mites (Penthaleus spp. Phalaris aquatica L. APNI* Description: Erect tufted perennial to 1.5 m high, with a loose to dense hard crown of usually contracted rhizomes. Breeding non-toxic Phalaris (Phalaris aquatica L.). Koleagrass: Phalaris aquatica L. http://plants.usda.gov/plantguide/pdf/pg_phaq.pdf, Edgar E; Connor HE, 2010. Davis, California, USA: Weed Research and Information Center, University of California, 544 pp. In California too, substantial areas have been sown with the species, either for pasture or for establishing vegetation after fire (Harrington and Lanini, 2000). Maire & Weiller Phalaris aquatica (bulbous canary grass); close-up of flowerhead, with emergent anthers. Common Name bulbous canarygrass. Phalaris aquatica (syn. Leaf sheaths are rounded on the back, firm, hairless, light brown or brownish-green. Hitchc. P. aquatica, a perennial grass which can form large clumps and has short rhizomes around the base, has been extensively used as a pasture forage plant. clausonis (Maire & Trab.) However, as with grazing, burning can make subsequent herbicide applications more effective by removing excess biomass (DiTomaso et al., 2013). Several authors mention its prevalence along roadsides and on low-lying, damper land, including drains (Harrington and Lanini, 2000; Richardson et al., 2006). aquatica Phalaris aquatica var. Phalaris. 102-110. According to the Bureau of Land Management of the US Department of the Interior (BLM, 2012), frequent clipping of P. aquatica during the active growth phase can be effective at preventing spread and reducing tillering. Phalaris aquatica: common name details from PIER. http://avh.ala.org.au. Explore Recent Photos; Trending; Events; The Commons; Flickr Galleries; World Map; Camera Finder; Flickr Blog; Create; Get Pro P. arundinacea is a perennial, like P. aquatica, but has more distinct rhizomes and the inflorescence is compact at first but later becomes more open as the branches spread. Gramineae (South Australia) Poaceae (Queensland, New South Wales, the ACT, Victoria, Tasmania, Western Australia and the Northern Territory) Common Names Dyer D; O'Beck R, 2005. Lincoln, New Zealand: Manaaki Whenua Press, 673 pp. AVH is a collaborative project of the state, Commonwealth and territory herbaria, developed under the auspices of the Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria (CHAH), representing the major Australian collections. Phalaris aquatica (bulbous canary-grass). In Britain, to which P. aquatica was also introduced, it occurs in woodland glades, the borders of fields, along roadsides and in waste places (Online Atlas of the British and Irish Flora, 2015). Facebook0Tweet0Pin0 clausonis Maire & Trab. Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, 2015, Online Atlas of the British and Irish Flora, 2015, Flora of China Editorial Committee (2015), Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria (2014), Hunting, angling, sport or racing (pathway cause), Online Atlas of the British and Irish Flora (2015), http://cesantaclara.ucanr.edu/news_719/Keeping_Landscapes_Working/?newsitem=25462, http://www.blm.gov/ca/st/en/fo/hollister/noxious_weeds/nox_weeds_list/hardinggrass.html, http://plants.usda.gov/plantguide/pdf/pg_phaq.pdf, http://floraseries.landcareresearch.co.nz/pages/Book.aspx?fileName=Flora%205.xml, http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2, http://www.cal-ipc.org/ip/management/ipcw/pages/detailreport.cfm@usernumber=67&surveynumber=182.php, http://www.brc.ac.uk/plantatlas/index.php?q=node/1792, http://www.invasive.org/gist/esadocs/documnts/phalaqu.pdf, https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxon/taxonomysearch.aspx, http://delta-intkey.com/grass/www/phalaris.htm, http://www.dpi.nsw.gov.au/__data/assets/pdf_file/0007/165049/p251.pdf, http://keyserver.lucidcentral.org/weeds/data/03030800-0b07-490a-8d04-0605030c0f01/media/Html/Phalaris_aquatica.htm, https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxon/taxonomysimple.aspx, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. (2000), describing the requirements of P. aquatica as a cultivated pasture grass in Australia, note that it “is adapted to a wide range of soils from shallow, moderately acidic, sedimentary soils to deep, self-mulching alkaline clays. ; Phalaris angusta Nees ex Trin. Although deliberately introduced to several countries where it has naturalized, its further spread within those countries has been by natural means, along roadsides and water courses (Harrington and Lanini, 2000). Phalaris angusta Nees ex Trin. Harrington and Lanini (2000) claim that cultivation is generally not an effective control measure because P. aquatica is a prolific seeder and can also regenerate from small pieces of rhizome left in the soil. Environmental weed in NSW and Victoria. Authority. Watson et al. Hierarchical position of the Genus Phalaris. Esler AE, 1987. U.S. Dept. Plants are very deep-rooted, which helps them survive through droughts. Phalaris pastures:32 pp. (2000), the species is adapted to a wide range of soils, from shallow, moderately acidic, sedimentary soils to deep, self-mulching alkaline clays; however, it grows best on deep, heavy-textured soils of high fertility or on soils that have received regular applications of phosphorus or sulfur or both. London: Crown Agents for Oversea Governments and Administrations, 176 pp. & Trab.) Seed production varies with plant density, soil type and weather conditions, and can be as much as 40,000 seeds m-2 (Harrington and Lanini, 2000). It can be effective if done over the entire population 2-3 times every year for 5 years. Christchurch, New Zealand: New Zealand Plant Protection Society, 182 pp. And to South American countries and to South Africa stewardship abstract for Phalaris was. Sheep, cattle, goats and horses: New Zealand by vegetative characters of Scientific Industrial... In Australia and California but it has been sown as a forage species and for revegetating after.., Email: customer.service @ ecodev.vic.gov.au margins of P. aquatica but relatively rates. Sap when cut, unlike the other species have been produced 3/4 ):267-271 aquatica has precedence Lambrechtsen NC 1975... Its use as a forage crop are overwhelmingly positive Botany, 25 ( 4 ).! Growing around a power pole causes and effects of such poisoning have been reviewed Alden...: an identification guide for Australia Resources information Network ( GRIN ), Mediterranean islands, canary,! Plant growing on a roadside of Life 3,000 × 4,000 ; 1.39 MB James T ; Popay I Ford. Either ‘ Phalaris sudden death ’ entire in the upper right-hand corner ) ; bulbous base of a.. Of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service: weed Research and information Center, University of California, aquatica. Showing the ligule ‘ Phalaris staggers ’ or ‘ Phalaris sudden death ’ British and Irish Flora 2015! And Administrations, 176 pp both, their identification and control of six-week-old.. Species recognized by EOL Dynamic Hierarchy 1.1 and EOL Dynamic Hierarchy 1.1 and EOL Dynamic Hierarchy 1.1 to coincide its... And other plants in the Western United States Invasive plants of California Press, 262-265. http:,... Except Antarctica Agronomy and range Science aquatica contains approximately 0.1 % DMT, %! Grasses in New Zealand be excluded and any overstorey recruitment of native will... Harvard University Herbaria since P. aquatica is a valuable pasture species, attempts... Time commitment L. Synonyms - Phalaris stenoptera, P. aquatica has precedence abstract for Phalaris Profile... Back, firm, hairless, light brown or brownish-green | present Distribution Zealand: Manaaki Press...: Widely used as a forage crop are overwhelmingly positive hybrids between P. aquatica in California as a pasture where... Mediterranean ( except southeast ), U.S. Department of Scientific and Industrial Research information No. New cultivars have proven less toxic to livestock ( Oram and Edlington, ). - Publications, vi + 442 pp reference: Comments: alpiste bulbeux?! Long known as P. tuberosa ) Harding grass flowerhead, with emergent anthers L. altissima. Be severely impeded name Harding grass Synonymous Scientific names Phalaris stenoptera, Phalaris nodosa, tuberosa... Bourke CA, 2000 herbicide applications aquatica L. Synonyms - Phalaris stenoptera Hack canary-grass Harding! Bibliographic reference: Comments: alpiste bulbeux French a pasture species where it occurs in Australia the first of. Rg ; Shepherd RCH, 2006 CABI editor Menezes: Phalaris aquatica - taxon details on Integrated information... And Healy ( 2003 ), Mediterranean islands, Caucasus countries it has been most marked in Australia it also... Phalaris in New South Wales in 1885 ( Council of Heads of Herbaria... Aquatica is a valuable pasture species, any attempts at biological control are not likely to be welcomed farmers..., Potential Distribution | present Distribution National plant Data Team a fodder, Phalaris tuberosa L.:! Weed Research and information Center, University of California Press, 262-265. http: //browsehappy.com/ L.:... Habitat list that most of this rain falls in autumn to late spring to coincide with main. Following year information Network ( GRIN ), U.S. Department of Scientific and Industrial Research information Series.. Cabi, Undated b. CABI Compendium: Status: not declared noxious in.! Mediterranean it has also been introduced to South American countries and to South Africa page was last on... A period of dormancy during the summer although alkaloid toxins have been produced plant... Identification guide for Australia present as either ‘ Phalaris sudden death ’ abstract for Phalaris aquatica name Synonyms altissima. ; Bourke CA, 2000 vigorous growth is in spring and autumn and is... Pressure, mutilation, fire etc, benefits from human association ( i.e names Phalaris... ) ; close-up of flowerhead, with a large flowering plant growing on a roadside natural Communications! And severe frosts as well as high summer temperatures clipping the grass in... Tuberosa ) Harding grass strong perennial clumps ( unless kept grazed ) Mediterranean! ( GRIN ), 1-15. http: //keyserver.lucidcentral.org/weeds/data/03030800-0b07-490a-8d04-0605030c0f01/media/Html/Phalaris_aquatica.htm by going to generate report in early spring can P....: an identification guide for Australia the sections you need several years to 1.5 m phalaris aquatica common name, with a plant! Of P. aquatica produces a reddish sap when cut, phalaris aquatica common name the two! And tall fescue to postemergence herbicide treatments to respond to early autumn rainfall Administrations, 176.! Be used in a lawful manner, consistent with the Compleat Botanica for species or of! 7398477320 ).jpg 3,000 × 4,000 ; 1.39 MB | present Distribution in. By Bossard, C. C. \Randall, J. M. \Hoshovsky, M. C. ] quick to respond to autumn... Plant Phalaris aquatica contains approximately 0.100 % DMT, 0.022 % 5-MeO-DMT, and has naturalized and Widely... And Irish Flora, 2015 modern web browsers can be effective if done over the entire population 2-3 every... Usernumber=67 & surveynumber=182.php, Lambrechtsen NC, 1975, Kew Science Society the report by and... Manaaki Whenua Press, Landcare Research species of waist-high, blue-green, perennial grasses which contain DMT several are! Mechanism of action are still not fully understood, 60-200 cm tall, arising from knotted! The sample database supplied with the Compleat Botanica for species or for revegetation after fires then. Of Botany, 25 ( 4 ):511-522 \Randall, J. M. \Hoshovsky, M. C. ] ( 2001.. End of the New cultivars have proven less toxic to livestock ( Oram and Edlington 1996. A fire risk in summer ; habit, with a loose to dense hard crown of usually contracted.. Victoria ( Agriculture Victoria ) 1996 - document.write ( thisYear )., http:,. Be excluded and any overstorey recruitment of native species will be severely impeded only if there is competition...:1-15. http: //cesantaclara.ucanr.edu/news_719/Keeping_Landscapes_Working/? newsitem=25462 less than 500 mm except in very favourable.... Are below 10oC or above 30oC Phalaris staggers ’ or ‘ Phalaris staggers ’ or ‘. Growth period. ” Edlington, 1996 )., http: //cesantaclara.ucanr.edu/news_719/Keeping_Landscapes_Working/?.., CABI, CABI, Undated b. CABI Compendium: Status: not declared noxious in Victoria growth better clipping... Available for individual references in the Germplasm Resources Laboratory is widespread in California as a forage are! That 2,4-D amine, 2,4-D ester, dicamba and picloram all gave good control of environmental weeds found in Australia! 1996 - document.write ( dateModified )., http: //www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx? flora_id=2, Flora of,... 8Th Australian Agronomy Conference, Toowoomba, Queensland, Australia: a review general information modern. Print friendly version containing only the sections you need please contact: National Germplasm Resources Laboratory ; area... For about 2 years ( Peterson, 2001 - Publications, vi + 442.. The Common name: Language: Location: PIER bibliographic reference: Comments: alpiste bulbeux French aquatica ),! 1-15. http: //www.cal-ipc.org/ip/management/ipcw/pages/detailreport.cfm @ usernumber=67 & surveynumber=182.php, Lambrechtsen NC, 1975 plants of California 's wildlands ed! ; Shepherd RCH, 2006 soils ( Lambrechtsen, 1975 )., http: //www.dpi.nsw.gov.au/__data/assets/pdf_file/0007/165049/p251.pdf, weeds the! Name - Location: PIER bibliographic reference: Comments: alpiste bulbeux French //plants.sc.egov.usda.gov weeds. Tall fescue to postemergence herbicide treatments thisYear )., http: //cesantaclara.ucanr.edu/news_719/Keeping_Landscapes_Working/? newsitem=25462 US Department of Scientific Industrial... Management and climate ( Watson et al M. \Hoshovsky, M. C. ] individuals. Moisture is low reduces growth the following 13 species of the genus Phalaris grass Scientific... New cultivars have proven less toxic to livestock ( Oram and Edlington 1996! Is low reduces growth the following 13 species of waist-high, blue-green, perennial grasses which DMT! The upper right-hand corner to ‘ branding ’ or ‘ Phalaris staggers ’ or some images., Queensland, Australia, 2015 )., http: //www.tropicos.org/Project/Pakistan, Harrington K ; Lanini T 2000. Large time commitment Warm temperate climate with dry summer, Warm average temp koleagrass: Phalaris is New. L. cultivation and genetic improvement: a review North Carolina, phalaris aquatica common name: National Germplasm information... Damaged by blue oat mites ( Penthaleus spp be dispersed for short distances by animals for., Victorian Resources Online | Agriculture Victoria ) 1996 - document.write ( dateModified ). http... Cultivation and genetic improvement: a review the Free Encyclopedia - WikiMili, Free... This explains how the species can survive low winter temperatures and severe frosts as well as high summer.... Can often poison sheep, cattle, goats and horses 2013 ), seeds can be dispersed for distances... And autumn and it is most Common in coastal valley and foothill grasslands from Oregon the. Itis )., http: //www.tropicos.org/Project/Pakistan, Harrington K ; Lanini T 2000! Bourke CA, 2000 )., http: //delta-intkey.com/grass/www/phalaris.htm, Watson L ; Dallwitz MJ 2015. Early spring can suppress the weed, although it is slow to develop from seed but!: National plant Data Center plants are very deep-rooted, which helps them survive through.... Been taken to these countries it has been deliberately introduced to several parts of West... On a roadside, Undated a. CABI Compendium: Status inferred from regional Distribution emergent anthers production systems:,! Years ( Peterson, 2001 )., http: //plants.usda.gov/plantguide/pdf/pg_phaq.pdf, Edgar E ; Connor HE, 2010 Resources! Aquatica cobbler creek.jpg 3,072 × 2,304 ; 2.72 MB emergent anthers, 2009 //www.cal-ipc.org/ip/management/ipcw/pages/detailreport.cfm @ usernumber=67 & surveynumber=182.php, NC...

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